my little lexicon
Welcome to my very own little, make-shift, lexicon of words and concepts concerning locative media, location based services and applications. I use it to collect information and ideas for my semester project called … (hmm not quite ready yet) @ AHO, spring 2008Feel free to comment, critique or add stuff. Here we go!
ambient space about a space that is enhanced or altered using technology. Early examples of ambient space is that of air-conditioning or even electric lights. Today the idea of ambient space is much the same, but complex computation and wireless technology makes for more complex and specific alterations.
Common land (a common), in England and Wales, is a piece of land owned by one person, but over which other people can exercise certain traditional rights, such as allowing their livestock to graze upon it (wikipedia). Recently the practice of commons have also been used regarding intellectual property rights. Examples is the creative commons license.
Embedded space is connected to the idea about ubiquitous computing. Physical space embedded with networked and/or transmitting.
Data Logging is the practice of recording sequential data. (often chronologically). (wikipedia).
Dèrive is a concept that translate into drifting, and was coined by Guy Debord (of the Situationist) to encourage people to walk through the city using their emotions and intuitions. That way to explore the urban environment without preconceptions and understanding the urban situations. Linked to psychogeogrephy. Comes from the idea that the city was design without the human being in mind.
Flaneur, Charles Baudelaire recognized the outspring of individuals living in the city and moving through it as a privileged individual. The street was as comfortable and natural as his home. Later public transportation would facilitate his movement and expand his reach. However the fláneur did not have to interact with other individuals in the public sphere, and the action of takeing public transportation with strangers over a conciderable time is the very reason for him to disconnect to others. Much as seen on cafees thesse days, were individuals are physically present, but networked across the globe. “The Painter of Modern Life,” in My Heart Laid Bare and Other Prose Writings.
geograffiti/geostickies/geoNotes from projects that combine physical location, geografi position, and annotation (media). See also happened place and representational technology.
Happened place/happening place, Anne Galloway writes about how many recent projects and services (digitaly annotated spaces, GPS map services) is more about the “In the moment of capture the viewer’s gaze is projected onto the city as a *happened place* or totalizing system of meanings and relations, and freezing of relations -however temporary…” (from in ” Locative Media As Socialising And Spatializing Practice: Learning From Archaeology ” Anne Galloway)
Locative Media are media of communication bound to a location. “Locative media is many things: A new site for old discussions about the relationship of consciousness to place and other people. A framework within which to actively engage with, critique, and shape a rapid set of technological developments. A context within which to explore new and old models of communication, community and exchange. A name for the ambiguous shape of a rapidly deploying surveillance and control infrastructure.” (Russell, 2004)
Metadata are data about data, of any sort in any media. An item of metadata may describe an individual datum, or content item, or a collection of data including multiple content items. Metaknowledge or meta-knowledge is knowledge about knowledge. (Wikipedia)
the Public sphere is a discursive site. As Jürgen Habermas sees it, started at the coffeehouses, salons and learned societies of the modern city. These places provided a forum for opinions and a place for critical debate. The women, restricted of these places, later found the department stores, laundry rooms and tea tables. Today’s public sphere is a non place: on networks, mobile phones and internet connected laptops. From “Place: Networked Place “by Kazys Varnelis and Anne Friedberg
“Push” and “pull” modes of media McCullogh also speaks about the tension between the constructed urban interfaces, which are parts of commercial and governmental infrastructures that push media into the public, and the culture of the society at street level that pulls information and opinion from the individuals. “Displays versus tagging”
Public space or a public place is a place where anyone has a right to come without being excluded because of economic or social conditions. Public space is a difficult thing to define when reagrding a private space like a shopping mall. (wikipedia)
Psychogeography describes “the study of the precise laws and specific effects of the geographical environment, consciously organized or not, on the emotions and behavior of individuals.” As defined in 1955 by Guy Debord. Iys studies looks at the mental mappings or mental projections onto geographical location.
(re)readings of the city
Representational technologies, The camera, GPS, GIS/maps. “…capture and expose moments within the city’s history, but not necessarily the city’s processes of becoming.”Anne Galloway
Urban inscriptions Malcom McCullogh talks about the city as a place for marking. Graffiti, ads, shop signs, displays, traffic signs, …